What is PCOS?
PCOS is a hormonal problem that affects women during their childbearing years (ages 15 to 44). Somewhere in the range of 2.2 and 26.7 percent of women in this age group have PCOS.
Many women have PCOS but do not have any knowledge of it. In one review, up to 70 percent of women with PCOS were not analyzed. PCOS affects a woman’s ovaries, the regenerating organs that produce estrogen and progesterone – chemicals that control the menstrual cycle.
PCOS is a “disorder” or group of indicators that affect the ovaries and ovulation. The three main points are:
- Ovarian blisters
- Undeniable degrees of male chemicals
- intermittent or intermittent
A few women start seeing symptoms within an hour of their first period. Others find they have PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) after they gain weight or have trouble getting pregnant.
The most widely known indicators of PCOS are:
Sporadic periods: The absence of ovulation keeps the uterine lining from falling out every month. A few women with PCOS get fewer than eight periods a year or not at all, by any stretch of the imagination (10Trusted Source).
Heavy periods: The arrangement of the uterus works longer, so the periods you get can be heavier than usual.
Hair growth: More than 70% of women with this condition develop hair all over their body — remembering their back, stomach, and chest (11). Excessive hair growth is called hirsutism.
Skin eruption: Masculine chemicals can make the skin more oily than expected and cause cracks in areas such as the face, chest, and upper back.
Overweight: Up to 80 percent of women with PCOS are overweight or overweight.
Migraines: Chemical changes can trigger migraines in some women.
Specialists don’t know exactly what causes PCOS. They accept that undeniable degrees of male chemicals prevent the ovaries from delivering the chemicals and forming eggs normally.
Traits, insulin resistance, and irritability are related to the abundance of androgen production.
The problem associated with PCOS.
PCOS discomforts can include:
- Gestational diabetes or high blood pressure caused by pregnancy
- Unsuccessful labor or premature birth
- Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis – a severe exacerbation of the liver caused by the accumulation of fat in the liver
- metabolic disorder
- Type 2 diabetes or prediabetes
- Misery, uneasiness, and diet issues
- Malignant growths in the lining of the uterus (endometriosis)
- Weight is associated with PCOS and can remove the discomforts of the problem.
There is no test to conclusively analyze PCOS. Your PCP will likely start with a conversation about your clinical history, including your periods of feminization and weight changes. The actual test will include checking for signs of excessive hair growth, insulin blockage, and dermatitis, or more likely by an ultrasound of the lower abdomen.
How to cure PCOS?
Medications can help you deal with the side effects of PCOS and reduce your chances of long-term medical problems such as diabetes and coronary artery disease.
You and your primary care provider should discuss what your goals are so you can prepare a treatment plan. For example, assuming you need to get pregnant and are experiencing difficulty, then, at this point, your treatment will focus on helping you consider. Assuming that you need to tame the skin associated with PCOS, your treatment will be tailored to skin problems.
Perhaps the best way to deal with PCOS is to eat well and exercise regularly.
Many women with PCOS are overweight or obese. Losing just 5% to 10% of your body weight may facilitate some indications and help normalize your period. It may also help oversee issues with glucose levels and ovulation.
Because PCOS can lead to high glucose, your PCP may need to restrict sources of bland or sweet food. All things being equal, eat food sources and meals that contain a lot of fiber, which gradually raise your glucose level.
Medication for PCOS
To guide your menstrual cycle, your primary care doctor may suggest:
Combination pills: Pills that contain estrogen and progestin reduce androgen production and control estrogen. Directing your chemicals can reduce the risk of endometriosis, proper pediculosis, abundant hair growth, and dermatitis. Instead of pills, you can use a dermal stabilizer or a vaginal ring that contains a combination of estrogen and progestin.
Progestin treatment: Taking a progestin for 10 to 14 days every 1-2 months can control your periods and secure against malignant growth in the endometrium. Progestin therapy does not increase the development of androgen levels and will not prevent pregnancy. The progestin-only minipill or the intrauterine device that contains a progestin is a better decision if you want to stay away from pregnancy.
To help you ovulate, your primary care doctor may suggest:
Clomiphene: This oral estrogen prescription medication is taken during the first part of your female cycle.
Letrozole (Femara): This treatment for a malignant growth in the chest can attempt to stimulate the ovaries.
Metformin: This oral prescription for type 2 diabetes increases insulin resistance and lowers insulin levels. If you do not become pregnant with clomiphene, your PCP may suggest adding metformin. If you have prediabetes, metformin can also ease the movement into type 2 diabetes and help with weight loss. This medicine is also used to lose weight.
To reduce unnecessary hair growth, your primary care doctor may suggest:
These pills reduce the production of androgens that can cause unreasonable hair growth.
Spironolactone (Aldactone): This medication blocks the effect of androgens on the skin. Spironolactone can cause the desert to occur at birth, so compulsive contraception is needed while taking this medicine. It is not indicated if you are pregnant or intending to become pregnant.