What is dengue fever?
Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne disease that occurs in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Mild dengue fever causes a high fever and flu-like pointers. The severe form of dengue fever, also known as dengue hemorrhagic fever, can cause real death, a sudden drop in circulatory stress (shock), and perspiration.
Many individuals do not experience any signs or symptoms of dengue fever.
While symptoms do occur, they may be confused with various diseases – such as this seasonal flu- and generally begin four to 10 days after an infected mosquito bite.
- Dengue causes a high fever – 104 F (40 C) Migraine
- bone or joint pain
- Torment behind the eyes
- and organ enlargement
A large number of people recover within a week or somewhere in the vicinity. Sometimes, indicators deteriorate and can become dangerous. dengue hemorrhagic fever, or dengue shock disorder
Dengue fever is caused by any of the four types of dengue infection. You cannot catch dengue from being around an infected person. All things considered, dengue is spread through mosquitoes.
When a mosquito bites a person with dengue infection, the infection enters the mosquito. Then, at that point, when the contaminated mosquito bites another person, the infection enters that individual’s circulatory system and causes the contamination.
You have a higher risk of the disease or a more serious type of infection if:
- You live or travel in the tropics. Being in the tropics and subtropics increases the risk of opening up to the infection that causes disease.
- Particularly high-risk areas include Southeast Asia, the western Pacific islands, Latin America and Africa.
The diagnosis of dengue fever can be alarming because its signs and indicators can be effortlessly mistaken for those of various diseases – eg, chikungunya, Zika infection, bowel disease, and typhoid fever.
- Your PCP will likely have some information about your clinical and travel history.
- Your PCP may refer to a blood test to diagnose dengue.
How to cure?
There is no special treatment for this disease.
While recovering from the disease, drink plenty of fluids. Call your PCP right away if you have any of the signs and symptoms of dehydration:
- decreasing urination
- Few or no tears
- dry mouth or lips
- lethargy or chaos
- Keep distance from cold or wet spots
If you develop this disease for a prolonged period of time, you may need:
- Strong consideration in the emergency clinic
- Intravenous (IV) fluid and electrolyte replacement
- pulse monitoring
- Link to replace blood misfortune
Medication to treat dengue
There is no specific antiviral medication currently available to treat this disease. Dengue treatment is indicative and fixed in nature. Bed rest, antipyretic therapy, and pain relief are often helpful in soothing the turbulence, anxiety, and fever associated with illness. Acetaminophen (Paracetamol) is recommended to treat pain and fever. Headache medications, various salicylates, and non-steroidal sedative medications (NSAIDs) should be avoided.
Patients with dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock may require venous volume replacement. Plasma volume expanders may be used in patients who do not react to isotonic fluids.
Medications that should not be taken in dengue
Over-the-counter acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) can help reduce muscle pain and fever. However, if you have dengue fever, you should stay away from other over-the-counter pain relievers, including headache medications, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), and naproxen sodium (Aleve). Pain relievers can increase the risk of dengue drainage discomforts.